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If your dog has anytime scooted their rear end beyond your carpet, they were apparently aggravating to abandoned their anal sacs. Humans don’t accept anal sacs, but dogs and cats, forth with abounding added animals, do. So, what are they?
Anal sacs, additionally alleged anal glands, are basically baby balloons abounding with a amber aqueous belled for its repulsively metallic, ambiguous smell. Dogs accept two anal glands that sit aloof central their anus at the 4 and 8 o’clock positions. Aback the dog defecates, some of the corrupt aqueous in these sacs is awkward out with the feces. This aqueous may comedy a role in territorial appearance and advice amidst dogs.
There are abounding problems that can affect a dog’s anal sacs, including tumors. Anal sac tumors are abnormal, usually annihilative growths in the anal sac. They are aberrant but austere and larboard basic are about fatal. They can affect any dog but earlier dogs and assertive breeds such as spaniels, German Shepherds, and dachshunds are at college risk. These tumors account problems as they advance locally and to abroad sites of the anatomy in a action alleged metastasis. They can accompany illness, ache and a decreased affection of activity to your dog. Thus, it is capital to bolt these tumors aboriginal and to amusement them as anon as possible.
What causes anal sac tumors?
As with best cancers, a account has not been identified. However, analysis and ecology factors apparently comedy important roles.
Although we can’t define a cause, we do accept some compassionate of what’s accident at a diminutive level. For whatever reason, beef in the anal sac alpha adding and adding in an amoral manner. This corpuscle analysis creates a accumulation that is usually cancerous. The accumulation makes the anal sac larger, but this abandoned usually doesn’t account issues, at atomic until the accumulation gets absolutely large. The big botheration is aback blight beef breach abroad and biking to added genitalia of the anatomy to accomplish new tumors. The beef about advance to lymph nodes, which are baby chastening of allowed tissue broadcast throughout the body. They can additionally advance to capital organs, such as the lungs, alarmist and kidneys.
The added big botheration with anal sac tumors is that they about access the bulk of calcium in the blood. Aerial calcium levels can accident the kidneys, which are the organs that clarify claret and accomplish urine. Aerial calcium levels can additionally agitate the action of the afraid system, intestines, and heart. As you ability imagine, this disruption can account a ambit of affection and issues for your dog.
What are the signs of anal sac tumors?
It depends on the behavior of the bump and breadth it has spread. Abounding dogs won’t appearance any signs. However, aback the bump spreads to adjacent lymph nodes or the accumulation gets large, your dog may ache and attempt to defecate, or not alike defecate at all. They can additionally accept ribbon-like stool and bloated aback legs. Aback the bump increases claret calcium levels, your dog may alcohol and pee more, eat less, barf and assume anemic and tired.
Other accessible signs include:
Dogs with anal sac tumors may additionally scoot, acceptation they sit and annoyance their rear end adjoin the ground. However, scooting abundant added frequently indicates abounding or affronted anal glands that charge to be bidding (squeezed) by your veterinarian, rather than cancer.
How are anal sac tumors diagnosed?
Your veterinarian will allocution to you about the history of your dog’s botheration as able-bodied as accomplish a concrete exam. As allotment of this, they may conduct a belly assay to feel for the tumor. During this procedure, they will stick a gloved feel through your dog’s anus into the rectum, which is the tube accustomed carrion out of the body. If they feel or see a growth, they ability do a accomplished aggravate aspiration of the mass. This agency they will blow the accumulation with a needle, blot out some of the cells, put them on a bottle accelerate and accelerate it to a lab for evaluation. This advice will advice attenuated bottomward what the accumulation is. If these after-effects are apprehensive of cancer, your veterinarian will acceptable surgically abolish the accumulation and accelerate it to a lab to affirm it is cancer.
Your veterinarian will additionally do added tests to amount out if and breadth the bump has advance and if it has afflicted the anatomy in added ways. For example, your veterinarian will do claret and urine tests to analysis for aerial claret calcium and branch damage. They will additionally do chest x-rays and belly ultrasound to see if the bump has advance to the lymph nodes and organs, such as the lungs, alarmist and kidneys.
How are anal sac tumors treated?
Until added austere analysis can be pursued, your veterinarian may acclaim stool softeners to accomplish it easier for your dog to defecate and accord fluids and medications to lower claret calcium. They may additionally accredit you to a veterinary surgeon added accomplished in alleviative these austere tumors. If it is possible, analysis about involves surgical abatement of the accumulation and any continued lymph nodes in the area. Anaplasty has been apparent to amplify the adaptation time of dogs with anal sac tumors. However, tumors may eventually reappear if blight beef are larboard abaft and the blight beef may accept already advance to added sites at the time of removal. Afterwards surgery, some dogs won’t be able to ascendancy their bowel movements for a while and there is a accident the surgical site, abnormally it is abreast the avenue carrion booty out of the body.
Because anal sac tumors accept such a aerial accident of spread, chemotherapy is about recommended afterwards surgery. It involves giving medications, about via the aperture or blood, to annihilate or arrest blight beef throughout the body.
Radiation analysis may additionally be recommended afterwards or instead of anaplasty if anaplasty isn’t possible. It involves application radiation to abort blight cells. It is alone offered at assertive facilities, such as veterinary schools and some specialty practices, due to the amount of the equipment. Abounding bodies biking out of accompaniment to get radiation services.
Both chemotherapy and radiation analysis can accept austere ancillary furnishings that your veterinarian will altercate with you.
What is the prognosis?
Survival times for dogs with anal sac tumors are capricious but on boilerplate ambit from about 1-2 years. However, every dog’s bearings is altered because cast depends on abounding factors such as:
Dogs who accept anaplasty or any blazon of analysis about accept a bigger cast admitting t
he angle is about beneath able for dogs with beyond tumors, aerial claret calcium levels, and all-encompassing advance of the tumor.
How can I anticipate anal sac tumors?
There’s no accurate way to anticipate anal sac tumors from developing. Aboriginal apprehension is important and may be accomplished through accepted belly exams performed by your veterinarian. In fact, sometimes anal sac tumors are an accidental award during a acutely advantageous pet’s concrete exam.
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